The migraine disability assessment, also known as MIDAS is a test with a series of questions that aims to determine the severity of a person’s headache. Its objective is to depict the effects and influence of headaches on an individual’s life. Furthermore, it is used by medical practitioners to easily diagnose and determine the cause of the headache as well as the treatment that suits the patient. When patients are having a hard time expressing how severe the pain was, MIDAS is the best option to promote doctor-patient communication. The test is commonly used by doctors, nurses, physicians, pharmacists, and even alternative medical practitioners.


All About MIDAS

A migraine diary can consume a lot of time and effort, which is why doctors use this method instead. It has proven to be an efficient and convenient way to come up with accurate and reliable results. Doctors determine if a disability is present by relying on the total score of the migraine disability assessment.

The final score of the test indicates the following:

  1. 0-5 points – no disability
  2. 5-10 points – mild disability
  3. 10-20 points  – moderate disability
  4. 21 above- severe disability

People who get 6 points and above are advised to visit a doctor immediately.

The migraine disability assessment is a helpful tool that is often used for educational, therapeutic, medical, and investigative purposes.


The Questionnaire

In order to come up with a viable score, the following questions must be answered by the patient as accurately as possible:


  • In the past 3 months, how many days did you miss work or school because of headaches?
  • Excluding the days in question number 1, your productivity at work or school was reduced by half or more for how many days?
  • How many days did you skip house chores because of headaches?
  • Excluding the days in question number 3, your productivity in doing household chores was reduced by half or more for how many days?
  • How many days did you miss social or leisure activities because of your headaches?

In addition to this, the doctor will also need to know the following:

  1. Over the past three months, how many days have you experienced headaches?
  2. On a scale of 0-10, 10 being the most severe, how painful were the migraines on most occasions?

These questions can be printed out and answered by the patient. In answering the test, the person can efficiently answer the questions at home or wherever he is comfortable with. After doing so, they may bring the answered questionnaire to their doctor during their medical appointment. They may also discuss the symptoms that they are experiencing during the episodes of a headache to give the doctor more details about their medical condition.


Note: Bear in mind that MIDAS is used for treatment purposes only and not for claiming insurance, monetary claims, and employment compensation.

After the treatment, it is advisable to take the exam after 5 to 6 months to see if there are any changes and if the treatment is working well.

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